A Clinical Trails. It needs to be at least 500 words. Clinical trials and their benefits Clinical trials
Clinical trials are studies done to carry out an assessment determining the viability of a medical strategy, treatment, or devices. They assess the effects created if imploring such strategies to a human subject takes place. Undertaking the studies aims to show the best-recommended approach that work best for various illnesses or a certain group of individuals (Yang, 2010). The studies are also effective in helping carry out a decision or effecting a decision based on the outcome of the study. The trials get conducted when satisfactory information available to match health authority standards. Research specialists enroll volunteers or patients into pilot studies to conduct specified tests depending on the product type and development stage (Yang, 2010). Clinical trials vary in intensity. They can be performed in a single country or multiple countries. They are expensive to carry out. The burden of payment gets usually bestowed on the sponsor of the research. Sponsors may include government agency or health organizations (Yang, 2010).
The objectives of clinical trial are to test how well medicine will work on patients. For every clinical trial, there exists a guideline of how to carry out the trial (Yang, 2010). The plan discusses what is to be done, how it will be done, and the importance of all aspect in the study. This includes the importance the general study. There are rules guiding on how to choose the participants in the study. The main factor in choosing the participants is volunteering when a person has sufficient knowledge (Pocock, 2004). They volunteer’s health status will be determined by the study since some may need healthy individuals and others may need individuals with certain diseases (Pocock, 2004).
In other instances, gender is used to determine a viable volunteer. There are independent committees set to determine the procedures and monitor the whole exercise. These committees are made up of physicians, statisticians, and members of the community. The committee emphasizes the need to educate all the subjects liable to tests so that they can know the effects of every aspect of the trials (Pocock, 2004). In so doing, the subjects will be well aware of the risks involved such that volunteering shall be out of free will. Since the tests are conducted to human subjects, they are eligible to many legal aspects (Pocock, 2004). They are carried out in four phases. Because the life of an individual may be at risk during the trials, the law provides strict guidelines that facilitate a safe environment for the subject (Pocock, 2004). The shared responsibilities for the safety of the subject heighten safety measures during actual studies. In most cases, women do not get subjected to these trials because of several reasons. These reasons are either the woman is in the age of childbearing, is pregnant, and/or she becomes pregnant during the study. Local site investigators carry out continuous assessments to determine the safety of the subject (Pocock, 2004).
Benefits of clinical trials
The number one benefit is that clinical trials help in finding new treatments, better treatments, and better therapies and diagnostic tests (Pocock, 2004). The other benefit is that it gives patients the opportunity to realize new interventions. They may be better for their conditions or come with few side effects. Trials offer participants a chance to interact with the newest developments before publication to the public (Pocock, 2004). There is a bigger chance that the trial will open new understanding of diseases and their adaptation modes facilitating advanced developments in treatment measures (Yang, 2010). The participants or subjects get an opportunity to interact and receive care, support, and advice from trained clinical staff that have a better understanding of diseases and conditions affecting them (Yang, 2010). They also benefit in that they receive close monitoring of their conditions, care and treatment. Clinical trials offer new remedies to diseases and conditions affecting the human race (Yang, 2010).
Pocock, S.J. (2004). Clinical Trials: A Practical Approach, John Wiley & Sons
Yang, Z. J. (2010). Motivation for Health Information Seeking and Processing About Clinical Trial Enrollment. Health Communication.