The rise of nation s in Europe during the later stages of the feudal era saw the emergence of Spain, Portugal, and other powerful nations. They desired to expand their political power and gain economic advantages through colonization. The feudal age saw diffusion and decentralization of power. However, the rise of nation-states saw wealthy merchants and influential willing to fund explorations of discovery. Colonization followed afterward.
The origins of the three major colonies varied, thereby bringing some differences in social, economic and political areas. The Virginia Company founded Jamestown, the first English colony in North America, after receiving a charter from King James I in 1606. The settlers established the colony predominantly for economic reasons. On the contrary, religious separatists seeking autonomy from the Church of England founded Plymouth Colony. On the other hand, .Massachusetts Bay Colony .began as a commercial adventure in 1630. It .became home to many Puritans who abandoned England due to persecution from the Crown and the Anglican Church.1
Most people wanted to break free from the oppression of the Catholic and the Anglican Church. They desired to worship God in the way they found legitimate. The Puritans believed that the Anglican Church of England resembled the Catholic Church, hence wanted to purify it2. The Puritans were intolerant to those who refused their beliefs. On the contrary, the separatists .wanted to separate from the Anglican Church altogether. The religious differences thus caused them to diverge into different colonies.
The initial settlers suffered from malaria and other diseases since it was founded near swampland. They also experienced internal strife and starvation. They relied heavily on supplies from the mother nation and .assistance .from Native Americans. Although its economy stabilized upon the successful cultivation of tobacco, it was destroyed during Bacon’s Rebellion of 1698. It had to struggle to rise again.
Initially, Carolina colony was reminiscent of feudal kingdoms. Over time, it was popular for religious and political freedom. However, slavery was introduced since the proprietors had investments in the slave trade. While the labor forces of other colonies had indentured servants, the Carolinas embraced slavery.
The Gullah people came about because of the transatlantic slave trade of the 17th and 18th centuries. They are descendants of the slaves from Sierra Leone, who worked on rice plantations in Georgia and South Carolina. They live in rural communities in the Sea Islands and coastal regions of the two states. Unlike other groups of African Americans, the Gullah have managed to preserve most of their African cultural heritage due to their strong sense of community and their geographic location2.
Ships left Britain from ports like London carrying trade goods like guns.
African dealers kidnaped people from villages and sold them to Europeans at the coast.
The European traders transported the slaves to West Indies and sold them to the highest bidder.
Mercantilism was an economic philosophy where the British restricted the manner in which their colonies used the money to enable them to control their economies. They controlled and dictated the colonies’ choices in terms of products, the trade ships, and partners in trade. The mercantilism system made the British colonies be moneymakers for the motherland.
The Republican Womanhood is the idea that women could have a crucial indirect role in politics by incalculating .and maintaining their husbands and sons’ civic virtues.
Federalists, led by Alexander Hamilton along with James Madison and John Jay, supported the Constitution and tried to convince the states to ratify it. The leaders argued that the document did not need a Bill of Rights since it would bring about parchment barrier that inhibited people’s rights. However, they eventually made a concession and expressed a willingness to make a series of amendments that would culminate into the Bill of Rights.
Brands, H. .W., T. .H. Breen, R. .H. Williams, and Ariela .J. Gross. .American Stories: A History of the United States. 3rd .ed. New York: Pearson Education, .2014. Print.