Archbishop George Carey, in his otherwise very conservative Canterbury Letters, candidly denies that neither God nor the devil received any payback and describes any such thing as immoral, and out of character with what we know of God.24.
Anglican modernism is identified with the “Modern Churchmen’s Union” founded in 1898 to stimulate and defend liberal thought within the Church of England. It has much in common with Liberal Protestantism in Germany, characterized by such thinkers as Friedrich Schleiermacher, the ‘Father of Modern Theology’. Adolf Von Harnack, whose book What is Christianity?, characterizes the point of view of many English Modernists.
“Others, on the contrary, assure him that Christianity is an optimistic religion and that it must be thought of simply and solely as a higher phase of Judaism, and these people also suppose that in saying this they have said something very profound.” Von Harnack, A.1987, What is Christianity? P.2
Anglican Modernism also developed out of the ‘Broad Church Movement’ of the nineteenth century. For them, this began with the acceptance of Biblical criticism and the theory of evolution and their insistence that Christianity must be adapted to accept these. The starting point for them was their acceptance of Biblical criticism and the theory of evolution and their insistence that Christianity must be adapted to accept these. While they rejected nature miracles like the virgin birth and his bodily resurrection, they emphasized the teachings of the historical Christ. Jesus’ death on the cross was not to placate the wrath of God but to show the way in which God is present in human suffering. This is at variance with traditional Christian doctrine and the beliefs of 16th and 17th century Anglicans as shown in Article one of the thirty-nine articles.