Create a 6 pages page paper that discusses sexually transmitted diseases surveillance. Except for congenital syphilis, syphilis occurs in four distinct stages. In the initial primary stage, there is the formation of a sore which is a small, round and firm referred to as chance that occurs at the site of infection. The chancre usually occurs 21-90 days after infection. The ulcer usually disappears and secondary syphilis sets in. This is evidenced by skin rash which does not itch at soles and palms. Symptoms associated with secondary stage syphilis include headache, swollen lymph glands, sore throat, and tiredness.
In latent syphilis no symptoms are evident and the disease progresses to the tertiary stage. Failure to treat syphilis may lead to the complicated tertiary stage which affects almost all organs of the body including the brain, nervous system and heart. Late syphilis presents with mental illness and neurological failures.
The diagnosis of syphilis maybe by examination of a chance by a health worker and laboratory tests confirmation for the disease. Antibiotics especially penicillin is used in the treatment of syphilis especially at the primary stages. Syphilis that has affected the neural system may be treated by intravenous injection of penicillin. Prevention of the disease is by avoiding contact (sexual contact) with an infected individual and avoiding sex partners. Protected sex may also minimize the chances of infection (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases 1).
The bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae infects the potential victim through the genital tract, mouth, and rectum. Transmission of this bacterial disease is through sexual intercourse with an infected partner oral, anal or vaginal. The bacterium has its reservoir in infected humans. Symptoms of this STD include discharge in both men and women though some infected individuals may not present with any symptoms. These symptoms are evident after 2-10 days after sexual intercourse with an infected individual. In women, possible symptoms of gonorrhea include a burning sensation during urination, bloody vaginal discharge, and bleeding during vaginal intercourse.