The cultural interview focuses on the norms, values, understandings, and taken-for-granted rules of behavior of a group or society. The objectives of this essay are twofold: (1) to learn how to conduct a cultural interview and (2) to explore the world as viewed by the respondent.
For this paper, an Asian woman, particularly a Filipina from the central part of the Philippines, was interviewed. She was asked about her personal and family background, views on predominant cultural values and beliefs, religious practices, and what she perceives as her practical perennial problem which she has been trying to solve.
The client prefers to be called Tina but her full name is Maria Christina Cordero. It is just my observation but the name alone has traces of Spanish heritage. She is 46 years old, married for 21 years to the same man, bore six children – all boys.
She narrated that she was born of a middle-class family with one brother and one sister. She was able to complete her undergraduate studies major in Business Administration from the top university in the Philippines (the University of the Philippines). She also took her masteral degree in business from the same university and had more than 10 year’s managerial experience with a rural bank.
She said that a woman in the Philippines takes a variety of roles: a daughter, sister, mother, employee, citizen, wife, and parishioner (although, according to her, not in that particular order). She said that she views her role as a mother her priority. Rearing six children, she revealed, is not an easy task. By this alone, she is a counselor, a mediator, a cook, a laundrywoman, a teacher, an advisor, a friend. Of all the roles, .she said, motherhood is the most challenging but the most rewarding.