Cyberterrorism

There were many developments and discoveries during the 20th and 21st centuries, with rapid changes characterizing this era. The world was changed instantaneously, moving at a pace where there is little room for reflection. Despite this unbelievable pace of change, there is one characteristic or prevalent factor that is held in common by these two periods. Technology, or to be more precise, the power of the Internet and high-speed computers distinguished the late 20th century and presented a dominant force early in the 21st century and up to now. Such force has been integrated by powerful factions around the world for increased competitiveness across industries. Internet and terrorism may be viewed as not being distinct from each other. The dawn of the 21st century was witness to terrorist attacks. though not physical, these were done through the use of the Internet. Hence, the term cyberterrorism has been born and has become an instant sensation, a new thread that is becoming a major concern not only for developed countries but also for the rest of the world. &nbsp.

There is ambiguity in the definition of cyberterrorism. The lack of a definition for hacktivism and cyberterrorism is the cause for such ambivalence. as such even the word “cyber” is being debated about by scholars, as to what its true meaning is. However, according to Krasavin (2002), cyberterrorism is considered as being on equal footing with other forms of “terrorism”, as it is a mixture of terrorist activities and an area of specialization. Krasarvin (2002) further pointed out that it was in 1997 that the term “cyberterrorism” was first pointed out by a senior research fellow at the Institute for Security and Intelligence in California named Barry Collin. Cyberterrorism, as defined by Collins (1996), is the fusion of cybernetics and terrorism. It pertains to premeditated, politically motivated assaults carried out by sub-national groups or clandestine agents which in turn intend to cause chaos and conflict by carrying out a series of attacks to institutions, computer programs, computer systems, and data.

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