Provide a 5 pages analysis while answering the following question: Down Syndrome. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is required. Throughout the life of a person, regular screening is highly recommended for the diagnosis of health problems that are in Down Syndrome. Proper care and education have shown the potential to improve the individual’s quality of life. Many children suffering from the disorder attain their education in classes from a typical school, while others need more specialized education.
Many individuals who have Down Syndrome complete their high school education successfully, but few attend post-secondary education. When these people become adults, approximately 20% of them in the United States carry out paid work in a certain capacity, with most of them requiring a sheltered work environment. There is a need for support regarding legal and financial matters. The life expectancy of an individual with Down Syndrome is approximately 50 to 60 years if they are in the developed world with proper health care. In humans, Down Syndrome is considered the chromosome abnormality that is most common since it occurs in one out of the 1000 babies born each year. The disorder derives its name from John Langdon Down, who was a British doctor and had succeeded in describing the syndrome fully. The description of some factors of the condition was given earlier in 1838 by Jean-Etienne Dominic Squirol and in 1844 by Edouard Seguin. In the year 1959, French researchers identified the major cause of Down Syndrome genetically, having more copies of chromosome 21 (Judd, 2014).
After the child is born with the suspected Down Syndrome disorder, the first and foremost stage in evaluating a child or an adult suffering from Down Syndrome who has some behavior concerns is determining whether any chronic or medical problems related to the behavior that is identified are present. The more usual medical problems related to behavior changes may comprise thyroid function, sleep apnea, deficits in hearing or vision, celiac disease, anaemia, constipation, anxiety, gastroesophageal reflux and depression. The primary care physician’s evaluation is a crucial constituent of the original work-up for the behavior problems found in children or adults who have Down Syndrome (Faragher & Clarke 2014).