Ear Disorders

 Ear Disorders Ear Disorders As the patient here diagnosed with Meniere’s Disuse which is the disease of the internal ear and usually involves the endolymph which is the fluid that runs in the semi circular canals and the endolymphatic duct. According to the normal anatomy and physiology of the inner ear, the endolymph in the three semi circular canals which forms the vestibular system is responsible for maintaining balance in a normal human being (ODonoghue et al 2000). However, in meniere’s disease there is some sort o abnormality in the endolymphatic system i.e. either there is excess of endolymph or some sort of obstruction in the duct which causes a disruption in the vestibular system leading loss of balancs (Vertigo).

Treatment

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Treatment procedures usually include typical treatment modes such as yoga to cope stress in these patients and after that they could be given intratympanic corticosteroids. The function of these corticosteroids is to reduce inflammation in the endolymphatic dust. Also surgical procedures which include decreasing the pressure in the duct in order to maintain the flow of the endolymph in the vestibular system can also be applied in severe cases. But, surgical procedures usually lead to hearing loss as a complication since both the systems are very closely associated (ODonoghue et al 2000).

Permanent Hearing loss

Excessive endolymph pressure in the endolymphatic duct and the whole inner ear leads to the compression of the nerve endings of the outer and inner hair cells. Once compressed for a longer period of time these nerve endings first generate a symptom of timmitis with alternating periods of hearing loss and then if the disease is not treated these nerve cells eventually die. Since nerve cells do not have the capacity to regenerate the damage once done is usually irrereversible (ODonoghue et al 2000).

References

ODonoghue, G. M., Narula, A. A., & Bates, G. J. (2000). Clinical ENT: An illustrated textbook. San Diego, Calif: Singular Pub. Group.

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