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In this course you will be completing a learning activity, a three-part project in which you will be building a hypothetical protein. Proteins – large complex molecules – are major building blocks of all living organisms. Over the next four units you will complete three assignments that will guide you in the building of your hypothetical protein and gaining an understanding of mutations that could occur in this protein.
For Part 1 of the Genetics Project, you will need to name your protein and provide a description of the hypothetical function of the protein. You will need to relate the chemical composition and levels of structure found in your protein. In addition, explain the roles of DNA and RNA in protein synthesis.
For this Assignment, you are building a hypothetical protein. Proteins – large complex molecules – are major building blocks of all living organisms. In this unit you will continue to build your hypothetical protein.
For part 2 of the Genetics Project, you will be focusing on sequence. Remember your explanation of the roles DNA and RNA played in the formation of your hypothetical protein. For this activity you will first provide the completely hypothetical sequence of your protein. Next you will need to supply the corresponding RNA and complementary DNA sequences.
Amino acids are building blocks of proteins. Using the 20 amino acids that make up all proteins, you need to design a protein with 100 amino acids. Remember the following principles when constructing your protein sequence:
The genetic code is a set of rules for which the information in genetic material such as DNA and RNA can be translated into proteins. The genetic code is read in nucleotide triplets or codons. Using your protein sequence you will need to:
For the third and final part of this Assignment you will create mutations in your protein. Mutagens are agents that can alter the DNA of an organism. These changes or damage to the DNA can have varying effects on the protein product that the cell makes. For this part of the assignment you will need to complete the following: