TUTANKHAMUN Tutankhamun Tutankhamun was an Egyptian pharaoh dating back to the 18th dynasty whose s are considered to be between 1332 BC and 1323 BC. However, relatively little was known regarding the history of Tutankhamun until 1922 when the discovery of the tomb along with other relate artifacts such as the burial mask were discovered. Tutankhamun is from the lineage of Akhenaten making him a prince from birth. Tutankhamun took the throne in 1333 BC at a tender age of nine years holding the title Nebkheperure. Tutankhamun later became king and married his half-sister Ankesenamun with whom they had two stillborn daughters who died at 6 months and later at 9 months of pregnancy according to modern computations.1 However, even the modern research has not yet revealed the core reason of the deaths since there were no congenital anomalies found in the mummies. Given the young age of Tutankhamun at the time of ascending to the throne and his successes such victories over several ethnicities, it obvious that he had wise and string council among them Vizier Ay.
Nonetheless, Tutankhamun made several noticeable changes during his reign marking a number of achievements under his name. For instanvce, during the third year of his reign he banned the worship of the god Aten restoring the god Amun contrary to his father’s reign. Moreover, the Capital was reverted to Thebes abandoning Akhetaten that had served as the main city during his father’s reign. It was this period that saw the establishment of the name Tutankhamun that means “Living image of Amun” whom he had restored as the god to worship. Additionally, he saw the development of Thebes marked by numerous buildings such as a temple for Amun and erection of several monuments mainly related to the gods. As a result of these advancements, traditional festivals such as those related to Apis Bull that had earlier been neglected were now celebrated across the territory.
However, due the increased concentration on the god Amun other gods and goddesses were seemingly neglected leading to the belief that the land was under a curse. As such, the temples and the sanctuary were in ruins with some being seemingly abused due to use as roads and hence prayers to these gods and goddesses were not answered. This may be considered one of the greatest failures of Tutankhamun and it has received great critic especially from those against the worship of the god Amun. Nevertheless, Tutankhamun saw the improvement of the economic status of the country that had been strained during the reign of his father. Furthermore, he strengthened diplomatic relations with other countries with more concentration on Mitanni. Nevertheless, during his reign there were also some battles such as against Nubians. However, his leadership in improving the overall economic status and improving relations with other kingdoms are regarded some of his greatest achievements during his reign. Tutankhamun’s reign lasted for about ten years due to his death where he was buried in the Valley of the Kings. This made the entire reign of Tutankhamun to be based upon quite a young age making it quite unique in the history of kingdom leaderships.2 Additionally, despite his existence several decades ago, his tomb was found almost intact making it the most complete royal tomb ever found.
Hoving, Thomas. 2002. Tutankhamun: the untold story. New York: Cooper Square Press.
Zaki, Mey. 2008. Legacy of Tutankhamun: art and history. Giza, Egypt: Farid Atiya Press.