Provide a 5 pages analysis while answering the following question: Design Education in Pakistan. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is required. Pakistan was a part of the British colony under the British Indian territory, which was then split into two independent nations of India and Pakistan (Great Britain, 2013:21). Thus, the Mayo School of Industrial Art was set up in Lahore, Pakistan alongside the Lahore Museum in 1875, as a reaction to the pressure that was piling up on the British crown from the Arts & Crafts Movement in promoting art and craft, at the expense of the mass production principle of industrialization (Bresler, 2007:36).
The school of art was established to preserve the art and craft traditions that were threatened by the industrial revolution, and thus its major aim was to teach artists and designers the critical role that arts and craft played in home and cottage production, thus avoiding the full reliance on industrial revolution to sustain the common needs (Evans, et al., 2014:12). The institution was also meant to fill the gap that existed in the society for artists, designers and architects, thus helping the Pakistan society develop a new generation of professions that was not existing before. The school was later renamed the National College of Arts in 1958, with the mandate to expand its educational provision as an education-based institution, as opposed to the previously industrial-based school (Kanwal, 2001:36).
Nevertheless, the British art and craft Education had started much earlier, where the Royal College of Arts was established in 1835, as a response to the pressure that was rising towards the need to preserve the human craft and art industry against being wiped out by the industrial revolution and its mass production principles (British Library, 2010:n.p.). However, the debate over the form of curriculum that this institution was to offer remained a debate for long, until later in 1858, when the actual art, design and fashion branding were introduced into the curriculum of arts and crafts in Britain (McRobbie, 2003:46).
The major factor that hindered the rise and quick growth of fashion, art and craft education in Britain is the strength of the industrial revolution culture, which was rigidly based on machine production of mass commodities.