The Development Of Dystopian Novel Using We By Zamyatin And Nineteen Eighty-Four By Orwell. Dystopian state, society, and situation come as something anti to the popular concepts of utopia. Unlike utopia, dystopia does not end with a happy note. Rather it leaves some promises and hope for a new beginning. It has become the subject of modern literature exploring the socio-political and economic exploitations by the state in modern society (Perez, 2000, p 10). Dystopia in different forms has drawn more attention from the authors. This is the reason why more and more authors are taking up dystopia as the subject matter of their novels. A dystopian narrative depicts the horrors of future- a future society of a future state inhabited by strange citizens. Their normal life schedules seem gruelling to us and the horrors of inhuman conditions haunt our mind. This way of drawing pleasure from pains popularized dystopia among the twentieth-century authors. The paper illustrates the development of dystopian novel using We by Zamyatin and Nineteen Eighty- Four by Orwell.
Dystopia is a budding for of fiction that is widely used in present times. Presently it is used more for science fictions – to show how our future could look like. Every dystopian state in dystopian novels follows their own set of rules and regulations. It creates a fantasy world where the inhabitants are made to abide by the rules made by the state. Often they are subjected to superhuman “setting, plot or situation”. Presently, the concept of dystopia is used to compose science fictions where individuals’ lives are controlled by scientific and technological advances (DeMarr, 28). A dystopia is always set in future. This is because. it aims at presenting the horrible consequences of the sinful deeds of the present.
Therefore, the dystopian future needs are based on collective anxieties. However, dystopia is considered as a total failure, both in economic and environmental terms. History, too, resents dystopian practices of a society (Claeys, 108). .