You will prepare and submit a term paper on Renewable Energy. Your paper should be a minimum of 1250 words in length. Several technologies in this area need to be improved or new ones put in place for the full exploitation of these sources of energy.
Varied sources of renewable energy exist and it only depends on the world’s ability to exploit them. As per now, fossil fuels supply over 80% of the world’s consumption while renewable and nuclear energy supply only 13.5% and 6.5% respectively .(Tiwari and Mishra 457). This indicates how the continual use of fossil fuels can have a great impact to the environment at a greater percentage. There is a need to focus more on the other sources of energy apart from just one source.
. . . . . . . . . . . To start with, the energy from the sun can have so many uses especially in the today’s world where there is need for cheap and affordable source of energy. Conversion of solar energy to other forms requires technology and expertise since some of these forms come with so much complexity and technological challenges .(Assmann 24).
. . . . . . . . . . . There exists several ways of how to convert the heat from the sun into other forms of energy such as solar dishes and towers. The total capacity of these technologies that are in existence is about 0.4 GW .(Assmann 24). There are predictions that these technologies can rise and play a major role in the renewable energy sector in the near future. The overall production of electricity using photovoltaic technology was at 4 GW in 2004 .(Assmann 24).
. . . . . . . . . . . Assmann (24) explains that PV systems use the solar module as their underlying technology. These modules have an efficiency of converting solar energy to electricity of about 10-17 %. However, there are still more research into this area and more sophisticated PV systems will be in existence. Furhthermore, solar collectors are in use in areas that receive low solar energy. Large applications of water heating systems that use solar energy exist in hotels, swimming pools and hospitals.